The Somali cat is a very popular breed but it is not a pure bred which means that it is exposed to genetic problems. The elements which characterize them are the markings on its face and the tail which look like a fox’s tail. Breeders are very careful when they breed these cats because they do not want to end up with genetic defects, they are not always successful because it is almost impossible.
Here are the most common health issues of the Somali cat:
1. Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia
If a cat has Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia this means that the immune system attacks the red blood cells from the cat’s body. The result of this attack are not nice at all, the destruction of the red blood cells leads to stressing the production of extra red blood cells and also anemia. Due to this reaction the size of the spleen grows and excessive release of bilirubin. After this the bilirubin causes yellow spots on the cat’s gums and skin. Another effect of this substance in the absence of energy and darker urine. The treatment for this problem consists of steroids and blood transfusion. If the disease is very advanced the vet will resort to removing the spleen. This is an exhausting disease which is why not many cats survive.
2. Renal Amyloidosis
The heredity form of this disease develops when the cats are young. Because the proteins in the body cannot be broken down and processed by the kidneys it can lead to dysfunctions of the kidneys. From that other organs can be affected. The main symptoms of this particular disease are: urination and increase of thirst, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling of the feet, legs and belly. This health issue is not curable. Once the vet has identified the issue it can only focuses on making the symptoms more bearable for the cat.
3. Lymphocytic-Plasmacytic Gingivitis Stomatitis
Lymphocytic-Plasmacytic Gingivitis Stomatitis is not such a harsh problem like the first ones are. This disease affects the teeth of the cat and it should be treated by the vet following a special treatment. The signs of this disease are the refusal of the cat to eat or accepting to eat only soft food. The cure consists in a cleaning treatment and extracting the teeth which are sick. After this step has been done your vet will prescribe your cat antibiotics.
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